The process of using economic indicators starts by tracking them with an aggregator or calendar for financial events. The best traders highlight certain indicators because they are particularly influential or significant. For example, GDP and various industrial production measurements represent the total growth in an economy. Inflation, represented in PPI, CPI, and other measurements, represents the value of a currency. More mathematical, dynamic measurements are also useful, such as the put-call ratio and implied volatility. With all of these measurements, the goal is to follow leading indicators that show where the market is headed. The more accurate knowledge a trader has of these trends, the greater his opportunity for profit.
Every trader must learn to integrate the various indicators and other economic factors into a united picture of world markets. This is the final, advanced skill that distinguishes the most accomplished traders. Does growth in one nation’s economy mean that the currency will rise or fall? Generally, GDP portends a rise. In the case of small countries, it probably means that foreign investment will turn there, and the currency will appreciate. But in the case of larger economies, their central bank may also expand the money supply, keeping the currency stable or even causing it to inflate slightly.
Does inflation in one currency mean that you can take advantage of every currency pair that includes it? Not if there are strong financial links with other currencies. If the two nations are regional neighbors or share significant exports, trends in the larger country may drive parallel trends in their smaller partner.
You should also learn to recognize market cycles. Countries tend to pass through periods of boom and bust. Today, the entire world passes through these periods together, and boom or bust in one industrialized country affects the rest. If you can recognize these trends, you will be able to benefit from them as they come.
All of this goes to say that to be effective in forex trading, you must consider every economic factor and take the entire picture into account. Sound impossible? This is what makes economic indicators so crucial—they function as shortcuts for the information you need to make informed decisions. You can also choose to view the inherent complexity of forex trading as an opportunity—there is plenty to master and learn, as long as you can understand the market better than competing traders.
Try specializing in a particular currency pair or a group of countries. Get to know the ins and outs of their economic relationships until you have an expert knowledge of how their currencies work. Make these nations your trading core. From there, keep an eye on other opportunities as they arise and try to expand your knowledge.
Forex trading offers opportunities for newcomers, and daily challenges for seasoned traders. Paying close attention to economic indicators is just one of the many ways for forex traders to make progress and excel.